Difference between revisions of "Mixer Toolbar Issues"

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(Recording Device: fix link - the page is now in the Manual)
 
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'''Input selector greyed-out, lacking the expected choices, or apparently not recording from the indicated source '''
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{{advice|This page contains important information for users of current Audacity on Windows about [[#cp|enabling inputs in the Windows Control Panel]]. }}
  
==Introduction==
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== Mixer Toolbar issues and input device selection ==
 +
In [https://web.audacityteam.org/download/ current Audacity], all available inputs are selected in [https://manual.audacityteam.org/o/man/device_toolbar.html Device Toolbar] or [https://manual.audacityteam.org/o/man/devices_preferences.html Devices Preferences].
  
One of the common problems encountered with the Mixer Toolbar is that its input selector can appear greyed out or lacking the expected choices, thus apparently preventing the user choosing the required recording source. The purpose of the selector is to link to the current mixing device (assuming this device offers a choice of input sources) and thus save the user going through a series of system menus to choose the source.
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=== Recording Device ===
  
It is often assumed that Audacity controls the sources that are displayed, but in fact the displayed sources are governed by the drivers of the sound device that is currently selected as the recording device on the Audio I/O tab of Preferences. Drivers are a big issue on Windows machines, and it often happens that machines purchased new will only be supplied with generic Microsoft drivers. These may prevent the input selector from displaying all the possible inputs the device has (or any at all), or from linking properly to the system mixer (so that for example you end up always recording from line-in, or cannot apparently record at all, whatever source you choose on the input selector).      
+
It is often assumed that Audacity controls the input sources displayed, but in fact the sources offered are governed by the drivers of the sound device that is currently selected in the Audacity Preferences. Drivers are a big issue on Windows machines, and it often happens that machines purchased new will only be supplied with generic Microsoft drivers. This may prevent the audio device linking properly to the system mixer, so you may end up always recording from line-in, or cannot apparently record at all (whatever input source you choose). Another issue may be that you won't see all the inputs that your device potentially offers.  
  
The first step towards rectifying Mixer Toolbar selector problems is to go to the Audio I/O tab of Preferences and check that the playback and recording devices are explicitly set to your sound device. Similarly if you have multiple sound devices (e.g. built-in sound and an external USB adaptor), you need to choose the ones you want to use in the Audio I/O tab. If you are on Windows and experiencing input selector problems, choose your sound device explicitly, not Microsoft SoundMapper (which is intended to map to the currently selected default Windows sound device, but does not always do so correctly).
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So the first step towards rectifying input problems is to open the {{menu|Preferences}} and choose {{menu|Devices}} . Find out what inputs are available and ensure that the playback and recording devices are explicitly set to the correct device you want to use. For example you may have multiple sound devices such as built-in sound and an external USB device, so you need to choose between them. If you are on Windows and experiencing problems, choose your sound device explicitly, not Microsoft Sound Mapper (which is intended to map to the currently selected default Windows sound device, but may not always do so correctly).
 +
{{tip|'''Note that on [[Windows 7 OS|Windows 7]] and later, initial driver setup typically disables all the inputs except for the built-in microphone.''' It is strongly recommended to use the [https://manual.audacityteam.org/man/windows_accessing_the_windows_sound_controls.html Sound Control Panel] to show and enable all disabled devices so that recording applications like Audacity can see them.}}
  
Note that some sound devices have individual analogue > digital converters  for the different inputs such as microphone and line-in. Where this is the case,  these inputs are treated as separate recording devices (e.g. Realtek: Line-In, Realtek: Microphone) and should be selected in the Audio I/O tab, not in the Mixer Toolbar selector, which will be greyed out. In a similar way, Windows Vista (see below) always treats recording sources as "devices", so on this operating system the selector will always be greyed out and you must choose input sources in the Audio I/O tab.           
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==== Device selection for inbuilt devices on Windows ====
  
Note that if your selected recording device is a USB or Firewire interface
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Note that some sound devices have individual analog to digital converters (ADC's) for the different inputs such as microphone and line-in. Where this is the case, these inputs are treated as separate recording devices on Windows (for example, "Line-In: Realtek" or "Microphone: SoundMax"). These inputs can be most conveniently selected in [https://manual.audacityteam.org/o/man/device_toolbar.html Device Toolbar] in [https://web.audacityteam.org/download/windows current Audacity] but in legacy Audacity before 1.3.13 they must be selected in the Audio I/O or Devices tab of Preferences and not in the Mixer Toolbar selector which will be greyed out.  
device, these normally do not have multiple input sources to choose from,
 
so once again, Audacity's input selector will grey out. This is normal, and just means the selector is not needed. Any necessary configuration should be done on the device itself, or in any control software that comes with it. Examples of devices which will normally not require use of Audacity's input selector are the Griffin iMic, the Numark and Ion USB turntables and a wide variety of USB and Firewire mixers and interfaces.    
 
  
Also check your sound device is not already in use. If you are on OS X
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Windows 7 and later always treat recording sources as separate "devices", so on these systems the Mixer Toolbar selector in legacy Audacity will be greyed out and inputs must be chosen in the Audio I/O or Devices Preferences.
or Linux and the sound device is already being used by another application,  
 
Audacity may not be able to access it for recording and the Mixer Toolbar  
 
input selector will appear greyed or minimised. Generally, this is not a problem on Windows.
 
  
If you've got this far and the problem is not solved, read the appropriate section below for your operating system and then if needs be, see the page on [[Updating Sound Device Drivers]].
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===USB and Firewire recording devices ===
  
== OS X-specific issues ==
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Note that if your selected recording device is a USB or Firewire device, these normally do not have multiple input sources to choose from, so Device Toolbar or Preferences will only list the device as a single choice and the input selector in legacy Audacity will grey out. This is normal, and just means that input choices must be made in the device itself, or in any control software that comes with it. Examples of devices which will normally not allow input selection in Audacity are the Griffin iMic, USB turntables or USB cassette decks and a wide variety of USB and Firewire mixers and interfaces. 
  
OS X has a very different audio hardware interface to most other operating
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[[Multichannel Recording|Multi-channel recording devices]] do allow limited input channel selection in Audacity where the drivers support this, though only [[Multichannel Recording#Suggested devices|a few devices on Windows]] allow recording more than a pair of two channels at once unless you compile Audacity with [[ASIO Audio Interface|ASIO]] support.
systems. As a result, there may be no (or greyed out) Mixer Toolbar, or only one audio recording source available to Audacity, which will be identified as "Default Source". You will need to click on the MAC hard disk and then click on Applications >  Utilities >  Audio-MIDI Setup and select your required recording source (e.g. Line In) as the default one you want to use. This is how Audio-MIDI Setup looks in OS X 10.4:
 
[[Image:AudioMidi.png|535px]]
 
  
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===Device already in use===
  
In OS X 10.0 and 10.1 there was no Audio-Midi Setup, so choose your recording source at System Preferences > Sound in the Apple Menu.
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Also check your sound device is not already in use. If you are on Mac or Linux and the sound device is already being used by another application, Audacity may not be able to access it for recording. As a result, Device Toolbar, Preferences or the legacy Mixer Toolbar input selector may be empty of devices. Generally, this is not a problem on Windows as long as you choose MME host in Audacity, though issues with some applications are known. For example, speech recognition in Word, Skype or the Fraps screen capture software may prevent other applications from using the sound device to record from a microphone.
  
If you are on OS X 10.3  or higher and want to try our Beta version (1.3.2 at the time of writing) this has a later version of  our Portaudio interface and may enable you to select sources in Audacity's input selector.
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===Further help===
 +
 +
If you've got this far and the problem is not solved, go to the appropriate section below your operating system:
 +
* [[#Windows_Problems|Windows]]
 +
* [[#OS_X-specific_issues|Mac]]
 +
* [[#Linux-specific_issues|Linux]]
  
== Windows Problems  ==
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and then if you still have problems, go to our page on [[Updating Sound Device Drivers]].
  
 +
<div id="win"></div>
  
* '''Card Not Supported'''
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==Windows Problems==
 +
{{advice|We strongly suggest you obtain the [https://web.audacityteam.org/download/ current version of Audacity] then read our further information about [[Windows 10 OS|Windows 10]], [[Windows 8 OS|Windows 8]] and [[Windows 7 OS|Windows 7]].}}
  
 +
===Card Not Supported===
 +
Some high-end multi-channel cards on Windows systems don't use the standard Windows mixer interface and volume control, but instead supply a custom mixer application which Audacity can't hook in to. In these cases you need to select the recording settings and levels using the custom mixer application shipped with the soundcard. Recording should work as normal with the card however.
  
Some high-end multi-channel cards on Windows systems don't use the standard Windows mixer interface and volume control, but instead supply a custom mixer application which Audacity can't hook in to. In these cases you need to select the recording settings and levels using the custom mixer application shipped with the sound card. Recording should work as normal with the card however.
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=== Recording Devices ===
 
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In current Audacity select recording inputs at {{Menu|Edit > Preferences: Devices tab}}, in the {{Menu|"Recording Device"}} dropdown. In current Audacity, recording devices can also be viewed in [https://manual.audacityteam.org/o/man/device_toolbar.html Device Toolbar]. To enable this toolbar, click {{Menu|View > Toolbars > Device Toolbar}}.
 
 
* '''Windows Vista operating system'''
 
 
 
 
 
Vista treats individual recording sources such as line-in, microphone and stereo mix" as recording devices in their own right. As a result, on Vista operating systems the Mixer Toolbar input selector will be greyed out and you  select recording inputs instead in the Audio I/O tab of Audacity Preferences, in the "Recording Device" dropdown. Note if you have more than one physical device (e.g. inbuilt sound and an external USB soundcard), the inputs for each physical device will be shown separately e.g.  
 
 
 
Microphone: Realtek HD Device  
 
 
 
Stereo Mix: Realtek HD Device
 
 
 
Microphone: USB Audio
 
 
 
Line-In: USB Audio
 
 
   
 
   
 +
If selecting a particular input does not work, or you don't see the input you want, try selecting it in the Windows Control Panel (see the next section below).
  
If selecting a particular input does not work, try selecting it in the Windows Control Panel (see the next section below).
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<div id="cp"></div>
 
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<div id="vistacp"></div>    
* '''Windows Control Panel issues'''
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==== Accessing the Windows Sound controls ====
 
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See [https://manual.audacityteam.org/man/windows_accessing_the_windows_sound_controls.html Windows: accessing the Windows Sound controls] in the Audacity Manual for full details - ''this former Wiki section has been transferred there''.
 
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{{tip|Accessing the Windows '''Sound''' controls and trying to select your required input there may often allow you to record into Audacity, even if the input you want isn't in Device Toolbar or Devices Preferences, or isn't recording properly}}
Accessing the system mixer in the Windows Control Panel and trying to select your required source there may often allow you to record into Audacity, even if the source you want isn't in the Mixer Toolbar or Audio I/O "Recording Device" dropdowns, or isn't apparently recording properly.   
 
 
 
On '''Vista''', the quickest way to access the mixer is to right-click over the speaker icon in the <span  style="background-color: #CCFFCC"><font color="#a0522d">System Tray > Recording Devices</font></span>. Or click <span  style="background-color: #CCFFCC"><font color="#a0522d">Start > Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Sound</font></span> (if you're using "Classic View" there's a direct link to "Sound" in the Control Panel), then click on the "Recording" tab.
 
 
 
[[Image:Vistarec.png|480px]]0
 
 
 
 
 
Simply click to highlight the input you want to use. Note that the "Recording" tab may not automatically show all the potentially available inputs. To view these, right-click over any device in the list, and put a check mark by "Show Disabled Devices" and "Show Disconnected Devices". To enable a particular  device, right-click over it and put a check mark by "Enable". All devices so enabled should be listed in Audacity's Audio I/O tab, but may still show as "currently unavailable" in the Windows "Recording" tab if they do not have an active input. 
 
 
 
 
 
On '''XP or earlier''', right-click over the speaker icon in the <span  style="background-color: #CCFFCC"><font color="#a0522d">System Tray > Adjust Audio Properties</font></span>. Or you can click <span style="background-color: #CCFFCC"><font color="#a0522d">Start > (Settings) > Control Panel > Sounds, Speech and Audio Devices > Sounds and Audio devices</font></span>. Then click on the Audio tab, then on "Volume" under the "Sound Recording" panel:
 
[[Image:Xpau.PNG|400px]]
 
 
 
and select your input by putting a mark in the check box:
 
[[Image:Xpcp.PNG|400px]]
 
 
 
Note that input sources are sometimes available to use, but hidden. To check this, click "Volume" under the "Sound Recording" panel again, then Options > Properties. Select your sound device in the Mixer Device panel, and ensure all
 
the boxes in the window below are checked:
 
[[Image:Xppr.PNG|400px]]
 
 
 
 
 
Click OK.  If the source you wanted was in the window list, it will now be available to select in the recording Volume Control, and you may find Audacity's Mixer Toolbar has now been re-enabled.  
 
 
 
 
 
'''If the input you want cannot be made to work or made available''', or if you want the convenience on XP or earlier of selecting your source in Audacity's Mixer Toolbar , see the [[Updating Sound Device Drivers]] page.
 
 
 
 
 
=='''Linux-specific issues'''==
 
 
 
 
 
* '''Input Selector and Input/Output level sliders missing'''
 
 
 
 
 
If Audacity's entire Mixer Toolbar (i.e. the input and input level sliders and the input selector) is missing, this usually means that the version of Audacity you have installed has been built without PortMixer support. This could be because your Audacity version was built wrong, or because it's using an (experimental) v19 version of [http://www.portaudio.com/ PortAudio] which hasn't got PortMixer support.  If you click on <span  style="background-color: #CCFFCC"><font color="#a0522d">Help > About</font></span> in Audacity, you should find the version of PortAudio that has been used and a list of which libraries were enabled at build time.
 
 
 
To enable Audacity's Mixer Toolbar, you can either install from a package which has PortAudio v18 or compile Audacity from the [http://audacity.sourceforge.net/latest/audacity-src/audacity-src-1.2.6.tar.gz stable source code] using PortAudio v18. For instructions on using the source code to compile Audacity, see [[CompilingAudacityForBeginners]]. 
 
 
 
If you want to compile Audacity with PortAudio v19 (which gives native ALSA support) and also want to have a Mixer Toolbar, you must use the unstable 1.3.2 version of Audacity. There may not be a 1.3.2 package yet for your particular distribution, but you can compile Audacity from the [http://audacity.sourceforge.net/beta/audacity-src/audacity-src-1.3.2.tar.gz unstable source code]. If you want native ALSA support in Audacity 1.2.6, you could compile it with PortAudio v19, but this is no longer supported, and means you will have to choose your input source and the input/output levels in ALSAmixer.  If you can select sources in the Mixer Toolbar selector but cannot record, or you don't see the input sources you were expecting, you could try going to ALSAmixer and select the source you require there.   
 
 
 
  
* '''Input Selector minimised but level sliders present'''
 
  
 +
<div id="osx"></div>
  
If the selector just appears as a small lump but you have the input and output volume sliders, this usually means that there is currently no audio device available to, or recognised by Audacity for recording on your system. There are various possible causes for this. They include:
+
==macOS /OS X specific issues==
 +
See the [[Mac OS X|macOS]] page.
  
# Another audio program like XMMS is using the sound device
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<div id="linux"></div>
# A sound daemon like esound (ESD) or aRts is using the sound device
 
# You have system sounds turned on in a desktop environment like Gnome or KDE
 
# You don't have the correct permissions to access the sound device
 
# You are using Audacity 1.2.6 and are selecting the ALSA device but don't have the necessary OSS emulation modules installed. 
 
# The recording device you currently have selected on the Audio I/O tab of the Preferences only has one input source, and so there is no choice that can be made. Many USB and Firewire Input/Output devices fall into this category.
 
  
So, any other applications using the sound device must be disabled, unless you are using the OSS device and the aRts daemon, in which case you can use the wrapper provided by aRts and run
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<div id="no_devices"></div>
$ artsdsp audacity
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<div id="mixtool_disabled"></div>
Note that some users report recording issues when doing this.
+
==Linux specific issues==
 +
See  the [[Linux System Mixer]] page
  
If you use OSS, you need to check that /dev/dsp (the OSS device) is present.  If you use ALSA, you need to get the OSS emulation for ALSA installed, unless you are using Audacity 1.3.2 which supports ALSA natively. You can launch Audacity from the command line as
 
$ aoss audacity
 
which will load OSS emulation modules for ALSA if you have them installed.
 
  
On many distributions you need to add your user to the "audio" group so they have permissions to access the sound devices.
+
{{CategoryTroubleshooting}}

Latest revision as of 11:12, 24 August 2021

Warning icon This page contains important information for users of current Audacity on Windows about enabling inputs in the Windows Control Panel.

Mixer Toolbar issues and input device selection

In current Audacity, all available inputs are selected in Device Toolbar or Devices Preferences.

Recording Device

It is often assumed that Audacity controls the input sources displayed, but in fact the sources offered are governed by the drivers of the sound device that is currently selected in the Audacity Preferences. Drivers are a big issue on Windows machines, and it often happens that machines purchased new will only be supplied with generic Microsoft drivers. This may prevent the audio device linking properly to the system mixer, so you may end up always recording from line-in, or cannot apparently record at all (whatever input source you choose). Another issue may be that you won't see all the inputs that your device potentially offers.

So the first step towards rectifying input problems is to open the Preferences and choose Devices . Find out what inputs are available and ensure that the playback and recording devices are explicitly set to the correct device you want to use. For example you may have multiple sound devices such as built-in sound and an external USB device, so you need to choose between them. If you are on Windows and experiencing problems, choose your sound device explicitly, not Microsoft Sound Mapper (which is intended to map to the currently selected default Windows sound device, but may not always do so correctly).

Bulb icon Note that on Windows 7 and later, initial driver setup typically disables all the inputs except for the built-in microphone. It is strongly recommended to use the Sound Control Panel to show and enable all disabled devices so that recording applications like Audacity can see them.

Device selection for inbuilt devices on Windows

Note that some sound devices have individual analog to digital converters (ADC's) for the different inputs such as microphone and line-in. Where this is the case, these inputs are treated as separate recording devices on Windows (for example, "Line-In: Realtek" or "Microphone: SoundMax"). These inputs can be most conveniently selected in Device Toolbar in current Audacity but in legacy Audacity before 1.3.13 they must be selected in the Audio I/O or Devices tab of Preferences and not in the Mixer Toolbar selector which will be greyed out.

Windows 7 and later always treat recording sources as separate "devices", so on these systems the Mixer Toolbar selector in legacy Audacity will be greyed out and inputs must be chosen in the Audio I/O or Devices Preferences.

USB and Firewire recording devices

Note that if your selected recording device is a USB or Firewire device, these normally do not have multiple input sources to choose from, so Device Toolbar or Preferences will only list the device as a single choice and the input selector in legacy Audacity will grey out. This is normal, and just means that input choices must be made in the device itself, or in any control software that comes with it. Examples of devices which will normally not allow input selection in Audacity are the Griffin iMic, USB turntables or USB cassette decks and a wide variety of USB and Firewire mixers and interfaces.

Multi-channel recording devices do allow limited input channel selection in Audacity where the drivers support this, though only a few devices on Windows allow recording more than a pair of two channels at once unless you compile Audacity with ASIO support.

Device already in use

Also check your sound device is not already in use. If you are on Mac or Linux and the sound device is already being used by another application, Audacity may not be able to access it for recording. As a result, Device Toolbar, Preferences or the legacy Mixer Toolbar input selector may be empty of devices. Generally, this is not a problem on Windows as long as you choose MME host in Audacity, though issues with some applications are known. For example, speech recognition in Word, Skype or the Fraps screen capture software may prevent other applications from using the sound device to record from a microphone.

Further help

If you've got this far and the problem is not solved, go to the appropriate section below your operating system:

and then if you still have problems, go to our page on Updating Sound Device Drivers.

Windows Problems

Warning icon We strongly suggest you obtain the current version of Audacity then read our further information about Windows 10, Windows 8 and Windows 7.

Card Not Supported

Some high-end multi-channel cards on Windows systems don't use the standard Windows mixer interface and volume control, but instead supply a custom mixer application which Audacity can't hook in to. In these cases you need to select the recording settings and levels using the custom mixer application shipped with the soundcard. Recording should work as normal with the card however.

Recording Devices

In current Audacity select recording inputs at Edit > Preferences: Devices tab, in the "Recording Device" dropdown. In current Audacity, recording devices can also be viewed in Device Toolbar. To enable this toolbar, click View > Toolbars > Device Toolbar.

If selecting a particular input does not work, or you don't see the input you want, try selecting it in the Windows Control Panel (see the next section below).


Accessing the Windows Sound controls

See Windows: accessing the Windows Sound controls in the Audacity Manual for full details - this former Wiki section has been transferred there.

Bulb icon Accessing the Windows Sound controls and trying to select your required input there may often allow you to record into Audacity, even if the input you want isn't in Device Toolbar or Devices Preferences, or isn't recording properly.


macOS /OS X specific issues

See the macOS page.

Linux specific issues

See the Linux System Mixer page